Nusa Lembongan Island Lembongan is the most popular of the 3 islands across the Badung Strait (the others being Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Penida). The island is popular with surfers for the 3 breaks (Playgrounds, Shipwrecks and Lacerations), day cruise people and overnight tourists. Nusa Lembongan is only 4km long and no wider than 3km wide and takes 3-4 hours to walk around. There are motorbikes for hire in Jungutbatu. The reefs are enjoyed also by scuba divers and the snorkeling is awesome.

Nusa Lembongan has several thousand locals, engaged in seaweed farming activities as well as serving tourist needs. Similarities to the Peninsula hill create a quiet environment, ideal for relaxation.

Getting to Nusa Lembongan

Public boats from Sanur beach, leaving daily at 8am and 10am (90 minute one-way, Rp35,000). Coming back the boats leave at 7.30am from Jungutbatu. does a shuttle from Sanur, leaving at 10.30am and returning at 8.30am, for Rp50,000. It is possible to charter a private boat for Rp300,000. For people staying in Kuta, Perama has an office about 50 meters before the bottom end of Jl. Legian. Pop in and ask about their latest schedules and rates.

Several luxury boat lines do day trips to Nusa Lembongan, dropping people of on the beach, giving them a BBQ, snorkeling and then back to Benoa harbor. Companies such as Bali Hai have their own accommodation (Tide Huts) which can be booked in a package with the cruise.

• Accommodation on Nusa Lembongan

Budget accommodation can be found at Jungutbatu, while more luxurious accommodation is located at Mushroom Bay

• Post & Money on Nusa Lembongan

Nusa Lembongan has no post office but Perama can handle your mail as long as you have stamps. Most places rely on the 3pm-8am locally generated electricity, with high-end places having their own generators. It is advisable to bring plenty of rupiah with you. Perama and Bank Pembangunan Daerah Bali can change currency and travelers checks, though the rates are not so good.

• Medical services on Nusa Lembongan

A local doctor in Jungutbatu will charge you Rp300,000 for a consultation. There is a small nurse’s clinic in Jungutbatu also which is cheaper.

• Gear rental on Nusa Lembongan

There should be no shortage of places offering snorkeling, surfing and cycling gear. Negotiate if you want a good price you might try Ketut’s Bungalows and expect to pay something like 35,000rp for a bicycle per day, Rp30,000-40,000 for snorkeling gear per day and 40,000rp per hour for motorbikes.

• Snorkeling & Diving on Nusa Lembongan

World diving located on Jungutbatu Beach at Pondok Baruna, can do PADI courses and pleasure dives. Contact the website for current prices and deals. You will also find other operators in Jungutbatu Beach. You can join a diving trip with World diving, if you just want to snorkel, for a fee. This is a smart idea as you have the security of the boat. Other boat operators might charge 40,000rp - 60,000rp per hour. Jungutbatu Beach has good spots for snorkeling off of the beach.

• Telephone & internet access on Nusa Lembongan

There is a wartel (phone office) that also has internet located at Mainski Inn. Bunga Bungalows also has internet access. Connection speeds for Nusa Lembongan are likely to be awful, given the speeds back on the mainland for anywhere outside of Kuta / Seminyak / Ubud.

• Food & Drink on Nusa Lembongan

Most hotel / guest houses have some kind of restaurant attached. The cheaper the accommodation, the cheaper the food. Plenty of options and Jungutbatu is where you’ll find the deals.

The main cruise operators serving Nusa Lembongan are:
* Bali Hai

* Bounty

* Island Explorer

* Lembongan Island Cruise

* Quicksilver

* Sail Sensations

* Waka Louka

Call around for the latest deals and specials.


Kerta Gosa the former kingdom, if reasonable Klungkung has many a time this is a tourism object. One of them is the Taman Gili in Kerta Gosa, cultural heritage Semarapura Klungkung Palace. Kerta Gosa is a building (bale), which is part of the building complex Semarapura Palace and was built around 1686 by peletak basis of power and the first holder of the throne that is the kingdom of Klungkung Ida I Dewa Agung Jambe.

Gosa Kerta consists of two buildings (bale), namely akerta Gosa Bale and Bale Kambang. Bale Kambang called because the building is surrounded by a pond that is Gili Park. The uniqueness Kerta Gosa with Bale Kambang this is surface on the ceiling or roof bale is decorated with traditional painting style of Kamasan (a village in Klungkung) or style of puppet that is very popular in the community Bali. Initially, the paintings that decorate the ceiling are made of cloth and parba. New since 1930 is replaced and created at the top of the plasterboard direstorasi ago according to the original image is still intact and up to now. Cultural heritage as Kingdom Semarapura, Gosa and Kerta Bale Kambang enabled to judge the matter and the religious ceremony that is especially yadnya cut teeth (mepandes) like children king. of the two buildings is closely related to the function of education through the paintings that were presented at the puppet ceiling buildings. The paintings are a series of stories that take on the key themes, namely Swargarokanaparwa and parwa Bima Swarga a guide punishment Karma Phala (result of the good-bad deeds performed during a human lifetime) and the re-incarnation into the world because of the deeds and sin - sin. Because no one said that if the psychological, theme paintings decorate the ceiling Kerta Gosa building load values education mental and spiritual. Painting is divided into a row of six terraced.

Bottom row illustrates the themes derived from Tantri Story. Suite second from the bottom illustrates the theme of the story Bimaswarga in Swargarakanaparwa. Catenarian next theme Bagawan Kasyapa story. Fourth row to take a theme that is characteristic Palalindon or meaning and the meaning of the occurrence of earthquakes in mythologist. Continuation of the story is taken from the theme Bimaswarga painted on the fifth row that is located almost on the cone-shaped roof building. In the last row or the sixth place by a description of the life of Nirwana. In addition to the building ceiling Kerta Gosa, puppet paintings also decorate the ceiling in the west that is Kerta Gosa Bale Kambang. On the palate this painting Bale Kambang puppet who comes to take the themes from the story of Kakawin Ramayana and Sutasoma. theme comes from guide kakawin this function that the building is the place Bale Kambang under one's belt religious ceremony that is Manusa Yadnya cut teeth children in Klungkung king. The attractiveness of Kerta Gosa paintings than in the traditional style of Kamasan at Kerta Gosa Bale and Bale Kambang, other important heritage that is still around and cannot be separated in terms of the value of history is noble pemedal (gate). Pemedal Court located in the west Kerta Gosa emits a very cultural heritage values Palace. Pemedal this Court on the value of art are traditional Balinese architecture. This is the gate that functions as a cantilever holder of the throne of power mechanisms (Dewa Agung) in Klungkung for over 200 years (1686-1908). In the event of war against the Dutch military expedition known as the Puputan Klungkung on 28 April 1908, the holder of the throne last Dewa Agung Jambe followers and autumn. (The recording of this monument is now enshrined in Puputan Klungkung which is located across the Kerta Gosa). After the defeat in the building core Palace Semarapura (viscera) and destroyed the settlement was made. Rubble highest remaining Kerta Gosa, Bale Kambang Taman Gili with its Portal Palace and the object appeared to be a very interesting both in the tourism and especially cultural historical studies. Kerta Gosa was also work as the center court during the Dutch colonial bureaucracy in Klungkung (1908-1942) and since nominated officials head into indigenous areas in the kingdom of Klungkung (Ida I Dewa Agung Negara Klungkung) in 1929. In fact, the court used equipment such as chairs and tables, wood carving and the paint is still there prade (gold paint). Objects to the evidence the court heritage institutions such as the traditional customs that apply in Klungkung in the colonial period (1908-1942) and the period of Japanese occupation (1043-1945). In the year 1930, had made the restoration of the painting there is a puppet in Kerta Gosa and Bale Kambang painted by the artists of Kamasan. Restoration last painting done in 1960.


Kamasan Village

Kamasan is a community of artists painting traditional. So intimate and so long painting of the traditional artist then take the results of painting in the style of their own (style) that is distinctive traditional Kamasan paintings. Indeed, the growing talent in the art works of other art form of sculpture, namely gold and silver and the last bullet is the sculpture. Although the terms of the fabric material used to color the metal changes, but still something special appears in the theme of painting or carving that depicts figures puppet.

Puppet figures to be a theme painting or engraving on the epic story of Ramayana or Mahabharata, and the story kekawin Arjuna Wiwaha, Suthasoma. Therefore, the style of painting or carving or Kamasan puppet can be said is rather old age of the context of its history until now still seemed intact. According to impress the international collector, Kamasan style of painting is still considered to be very smooth and sophisticated, clean, not noisy with the details that are not very important and clear message out. Paintings or carvings, traditional puppets berintikan that bring power attraction for artists, or tourists who visited the village of Kamasan.


Kamasan as the center of the painting and carving is the traditional name of a village in sub district and Klungkung Regency. Kamasan village is geographically including lowland coastal villages or beach Klotok User ± 3 km. The distance from Denpasar to this village is 43 km, can be reached by motor vehicle, and all the way to an object that is the major painting or carving crafts already paved.
Be conducted through three channels, namely: (1) west of the line center of the city district to the south along the 1.5 km turn left to line up directly Sangging, a house painter who celebrates the traditional puppet Nyoman Mandra. To the south a little longer to train Pande Mas, center carvings of gold, silver, (2) line north from the town of Klungkung regency slightly in the east to south through the winding-up on the winding road banjar elbow, also house a traditional painter named Mangku Mura, (3) south line of the midst of the city of Klungkung regency to the south along the 3 km through the villages and Tojan banjar Gelgel to Pande, the craft of carving traditional bullet.
Along the road that passed in the train-line, or villages, Tojan and Gelgel neighbors still be the hammer and craftsmen carved silver bullet or the sound texture of the cloth Cagcag songket. Can be called objects around is Kertha Gosa in Klungkung city, Temple and Batu Klotok temple Basic Gelgel in history that has the remnants Gelgel century kingdom of greatness-to-15 and to 16 in Bali.


There is an exhibition space sales or painting or carving, place in the west banjar Sangging, about 50 meters. A painting studio practice was established by Nyoman Mandra in their own house. When guests visit Kamasan then are able to enjoy more direct workshops of the artists painted or carved at it home respectively. Roads that are entirely asphalt can be a motor vehicle (car, motorcycle) or traditional transportation is also available gig.


Kamasan painting as the central product or get a lot of carving traditional visits the Indonesian Archipelago and foreign tourists. Time they visit is during the day. Tourists who come to use the equipment Kamasan a motorcycle, car, taxi or gig.


Kamasan or "Ka-gold-an" is a name that is quite old for the community of those who have jobs in the field that is sufficient Pande Mas in accordance with the name of one of the train in the village of Kamasan. Bukit archeologist found that the form of the throne-the throne of stone, menhir statue, a stone mortar, stone manger, a cylindrical monolith, stone dakon, lane-lane road that coated stones that have been found time in 1976 and 1977, which spread in the villages Kamasan, Gelgel and Tojan, gave instructions that the community is quite old age. That findings archeologist also gave instructions that the tradition was some coloring megalithic in Kamasan community life and its surroundings, namely the life of the community pre-Hindu roots of the neolitikum (+ 2000 years BC). Megalithic tradition has been absorbed by the undagi and Pande-to-an in the period then. The Pande increasingly recognized and enabled by the King (Ida Dalem) is based in the kingdom since Gelgel (1380-1651). Product metal sculpture on a gold or silver in the dish (trophy, tray, etc.) have been made equipment goods jewelry palace Sweca Linggaarsa Gelgel Temple. In addition to sculpture, painting also developed puppet for decoration on the cloth as a flag (have the opportunity, banner, lelontek), fabric decoration (ider-ider and parba) that complement a decor in holy places (temple) or in the building complex Kingdom. Since throne holder of the power that is Dalem II Waturenggong (1460-1550) the kingdom Gelgel culminates celebrity, it is a golden Kamasan village craftsman. Row-line is particularly Sangging and it can be said Pande Mas banjar Gilda, working groups, of which consists of houses and workshops where people live, work and to serve the King until the end of life is seen as their god. King of the duty to keep World (of the universe and its contents) is always in a state of balance and harmony. Because art is seen as an important element in maintaining the harmony of the sacred works of art then becomes the task of authorities to protect and maintain thing having to do with art. At the center of power moved to Klungkung Gelgel, Dewa Agung Jambe by year 1686, direct descendants of the Dynasty Kepakisan in Kresna Gelgel, the village of Kamasan is berintikan Sangging and Pande Mas banjar Gilda as a place of artists painting and carving, but still dipertahankan. Klungkung will changed now after the capital district of Bali Province and the descendants of the King and become of nobility RI officials and employees, and banjar Sangging Banjar Pande Mas not banjar Gilda from the King. However, the artists and craftsmen Sangging, Banjar Pande Mas-line and other square, Geria, Kacangdawa, Pande Peken Tabanan and still continue to produce paintings or carvings Kamasan style or style of product has been puppet. Expansion variety, not just limited to engraving gold and silver but also showing the sculpture of copper or brass and bullet. Art form of their product or painting carved object requested by many foreign tourists or archipelago. Similarly, in line with increased tourism, souvenir shops and art in Klungkung, or the art market and Denpasar Gianyar hotels and also the customers who keep the product from the arts in the Kamasan style puppet.


Bali Island

Bali is an Indonesian island located at 8°25′23″S 115°14′55″E / 8.42306°S 115.24861°E Coordinates: 8°25′23″S 115°14′55″E / 8.42306°S 115.24861°E, the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. It is one of the country's 33 provinces with the provincial capital at Denpasar towards the south of the island.

With a population recorded as 3,151,000 in 2005, the island is home to the vast majority of Indonesia's small Hindu minority. 93.18% of Bali's population adheres to Balinese Hinduism, while most of the remainder follows Islam. It is also the largest tourist destination in the country and is renowned for its highly developed arts, including dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking and music.


The Blanjong (Belanjong) pillar inscription in Sanur dates to 914 CE, and testifies to the contacts between Bali and the Indian subcontinent.
Offering temple in Bali is predominantly Hindu.
Bali was inhabited by Austronesia peoples by about 2000 BC who migrated originally from Taiwan through Maritime Southeast Asia.[2] Culturally and linguistically, the Balinese are thus closely related to the peoples of the Indonesian archipelago, the Philippines, and Oceania. Stone tools dating from this time have been found near the village of Cekik in the island's west.
Balinese culture was strongly influenced by Indian and Chinese, and particularly Hindu culture, in a process beginning around the 1st century AD. The name Bali dwipa ("Bali Island") has been discovered from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD and mentioning "Walidwipa". It was during this time that the complex irrigation system subak was developed to grow rice. Some religious and cultural traditions still in existence today can be traced back to this period. The Hindu Majapahit Empire (1293–1520 AD) on eastern Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343. When the empire declined, there was an exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century.

The first European contact with Bali is thought to have been made by Dutch explorer Cornelius de Houtman who arrived in 1597, though a Portuguese ship had foundered off the Bukit Peninsula as early as 1585 and left a few Portuguese in the service of Dewa Agung. Dutch colonial control expanded across the Indonesian archipelago in the nineteenth century (see Dutch East Indies). Their political and economic control over Bali began in the 1840s on the island's north coast by pitting various distrustful Balinese realms against each other. In the late 1890s, struggles between Balinese kingdoms in the island's south were exploited by the Dutch to increase their control.

The Dutch mounted large naval and ground assaults at the Sanur region in 1906 and were met by the thousands of members of the royal family and their followers who fought against the superior Dutch force in a suicidal puputan defensive assault rather than face the humiliation of surrender. Despite Dutch demands for surrender, an estimated 4,000 Balinese marched to their death against the invaders. In the Dutch intervention in Bali (1908), a similar massacre occurred in the face of a Dutch assault in Klungkung. Afterwards the Dutch governors were able to exercise administrative control over the island, but local control over religion and culture generally remained intact.
Dutch rule over Bali had come later and was never as well established as in other parts of Indonesia such as Java and Maluku. Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II during which time a Balinese military officer, Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese 'freedom army'. In the 1930s, anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, and artists Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee created a western image of Bali as "an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature", and western tourism first developed on the island. Following Japan's Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Dutch promptly returned to Indonesia, including Bali, immediately to reinstate their pre-war colonial administration. This was resisted by the Balinese rebels now using Japanese weapons. On 20 November 1946, the Battle of Marga was fought in Tabanan in central Bali. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, by then 29 years old, finally rallied his forces in east Bali at Margarana, where they made a suicide attack on the heavily armed Dutch. The Balinese battalion was entirely wiped out, breaking the last thread of Balinese military resistance. In 1946 the Dutch constituted Bali as one of the 13 administrative districts of the newly-proclaimed Republic of East Indonesia, a rival state to the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali was included in the "Republic of the United States of Indonesia" when the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.
The 1963 eruption of Mount Agung killed thousands, created economic havoc and forced many displaced Balinese to be transmigrated to other parts of Indonesia. Mirroring the widening of social divisions across Indonesia in the 1950s and early 1960s, Bali saw conflict between supporters of the traditional caste system, and those rejecting these traditional values. Politically, this was represented by opposing supporters of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI), with tensions and ill-feeling further increased by the PKI's land reform programs. An attempted coup in Jakarta was put down by forces led by General Suharto. The army became the dominant power as it instigated a violent anti-communist purge, in which the army blamed the PKI for the coup. Most estimates suggest that at least 500,000 people were killed across Indonesia, with an estimated 80,000 killed in Bali, equivalent to 5 per cent of the island's population. With no Islamic forces involved as in Java and Sumatra, upper-caste PNI landlords led the extermination of PKI members.

As a result of the 1965/66 upheavals, Suharto was able to maneuver Sukarno out of the presidency, and his "New Order" government reestablished relations with western countries. The pre-War Bali as "paradise" was revived in a modern form, and the resulting large growth in tourism has led to a dramatic increase in Balinese standards of living and significant foreign exchange earned for the country. A bombing in 2002 by militant Islamists in the tourist area of Kuta killed 202 people, mostly foreigners. This attack and in 2005, tourism is affected, so much economic hardship to the island.


The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south; its land area is 5,632 km².
The highest point is Mount Agung at 3,142 m (9,426 feet) high, an active volcano that last erupted in March 1963. Mountains range from centre to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak. Mount Batur (1,717 m) is also still active; an eruption 30,000 years ago was one of the largest known volcanic events on Earth. In the south the land descends to form an alluvial plain, watered by shallow, north-south flowing rivers, drier in the dry season and overflowing during periods of heavy rain. The longest of these rivers, Sungai Ayung, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand. The beach town of Padangbai in the south east has both Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats. Black sand beaches between Pasut and Klatingdukuh are being developed for tourism, but apart from the seaside temple of Tanah Lot, they are not yet used for significant tourism.The principal city is the provincial capital and largest city, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 300,000. Bali's second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast and is home to around 100,000 people. Other important cities include the beach resort, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar's urban area; and Ubud, which is north of Denpasar, and is known as the island's cultural centre.

Three small islands lie to the immediate south east of Bali and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. These islands are separated from Bali by the Badung Strait.
To the east, the Lombok Strait separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographically division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russell Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between these two major biomes. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatra and to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated.


The Bali Starling lives only on Bali. As few as six may exist in the wild as of 2001.

Bali Island is situated on the border of the Wallace Line, where transition from the Asian wildlife and flora is made into the Pacific Islands biotope. Bali is virtually the southernmost island with specific Asian fauna and flora and with very few influences from the Pacific Islands like the Yellow-crested Cockatoo and other bird species occur. Bali has around 280 species of birds, including the critically endangered Bali Starling, one of the rarest birds in the world. Others are: Barn Swallow, Black-napped Oriole, Black Racket-tailed Tree pie, Crested Serpent-eagle, Crested Tree swift, Dollar bird, Java Sparrow, Lesser Adjutant, Long-tailed Shrike, Milky Stork, Pacific Swallow, Red-rump Swallow, Sacred Kingfisher, Sea Eagle, Wood swallow, Savanna Nightjar, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Yellow-vented Bulbul, White Heron, Great Egret. Until the beginning of the 20th century Bali used to be home to some large animals like wild the wild ox (Bos javanicus), Leopard (Felis pardus) and even the Bali tiger (Felis tigris balica), now extinct in the island. First still occur in its domestic form, while leopards only in neighboring Java, but the Bali Tiger has completely disappeared, with last recorded one in 1937, when last known specimen was shot. Due to the relative small size of the island and clashes with humans, along with poaching and habitat reduction has driven this unique feline to extinction. It was the smallest and rarest of all tiger species and never caught on film or displayed in zoos, few skins and bones remain in museums around the world as a testimony of its undisputed existence. Today, the largest animals remain the Java deer and the Wild Boar. The most impressive reptile remains the water monitor (Varanus salvator) who can grow to an impressive size and move surprisingly fast. Two species of deer occur in the island the smaller Muntjak and the larger Java deer. A variety of bird species including kingfisher occur in the island. Snakes are represented by green snakes and occasional king and pythons occurring around areas where mice and rats are present. Squirrels are quiet commonly encountered, more rare the Asian Palm Civet grown also in coffee farms to produce the expensive and controversial Kopi Luwak. Chiropterans are well represented, perhaps the most famous place to encounter them remains the Goa Lawah (Temple of the Bats) where they are worshipped by the locals and also constitute a tourist attraction, and other cave temples like Gangga Beach ones. Two species of primates occur in the island: the Crab-eating Macaque, known locally as “kera” quite common around human settlements or temples, where they became accustomed to people feeding them, particularly in any of the three so called “monkey forest” temples, with the most popular one in Ubud area. They are also quite often being kept as pets by locals. The second primate, far more rare and elusive is the Silver Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus cristatus] known locally as “lutung”. They occur virtually only in Bali Barat National Park, though in decent numbers. Other, rarer mammals include the Leopard Cat, Sunda Pangolin and Black Giant Squirrel. The rich coral reef around the coast Bali particularly around popular diving spots like Tulamben, Amed, Menjangan or neighboring Nusa Penida host a large amount of marine life, like Hawksbill Turtle, Giant Sunfish, Giant Manta Ray, Giant Moray Eel, Bump head Parrotfish, Hammerhead Sharks, Reef Sharks, Barracudas, Sea Snakes and so on. Dolphins are commonly encountered on the north coast near Singaraja and Lovina. Plant life is also fairly diverse and rich giving its excellent climate fairly hot and humid. Due to human influence many plants have been introduced by humans within the last centuries, particularly since 20th century, making it sometimes hard to distinguish what plants are really native. From the larger trees most common are: Banyan trees, Jackfruit, coconuts, bamboo species, acacia trees and also endless rows of coconuts and banana species. Numerous flowers can be seen: Hibiscus, frangipani, bougainvillea, poinsettia, oleander, jasmine, water lily, roses, begonias, orchids and hydrangeas exist. On higher grounds that receive more moisture, like around Kintamani, certain species of fern trees, mushrooms and even pine trees thrive well. Rice comes in many varieties. Other plants with agricultural value include: salak, mangos teen, corn, Kintamani orange, coffee and water spinach.

Administrative divisions

The province is divided into 8 regencies (kabupaten) and 1 city (kota). Unless otherwise stated, the regency's capital.


Rice terraces near Ubud until the late-twentieth century tourist boom, agriculture dominated Bali's economy

Three decades ago, the Balinese economy was largely agriculture-based in terms of both output and employment. Tourism is now the largest single industry; and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia’s wealthiest regions. The economy, however, suffered significantly as a result of the terrorist bombings of 2002 and 2005. The industry is slowly recovering once again.
Although tourism produces the economy’s largest output, agriculture is still the island’s biggest employer, most notably rice cultivation. Crops grown in smaller amounts include fruit, vegetables, Coffee Arabica and other cash and subsistence crops. Fishing also provides a significant number of jobs. Bali is also famous for its artisans who produce a vast array of handicrafts, including batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings, painted art and silverware. Notably, individual villages typically adopt a single product, such as wind chimes or wooden furniture. The Arabica coffee production region is the highland region of Kintamani near Mount Batur. Generally, Balinese coffee is processed using the wet method. This results in a sweet, soft coffee with good consistency. Typical flavors include lemon and other citrus notes. Many coffee farmers in Kintamani are members of a traditional farming system called Subak Abian, which is based on the Hindu philosophy of "Tri Hita Karana”. According to this philosophy, the three causes of happiness are good relations with God, other people and the environment. The Subak Abian system is ideally suited to the production of fair trade and organic coffee production. Arabica coffee from Kintamani is the first product in Indonesia to request a Geographical Indication.
Although significant tourism exists in the north, centre and east of the island, the tourist industry is overwhelmingly focused in the south. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs (which were once independent townships) of Legian and Seminyak; the east coast town of Sanur (once the only tourist hub); to the south of the airport is Jimbaran; in the center of the island Ubud; and the newer development of Nusa Dua.
Another increasingly important source of income for Bali is what is called "Congress Tourism" from the frequent international conferences held on the island, especially after the terrorist bombings of 2002; ostensibly to resurrect Bali's damaged tourism industry as well as its tarnished image.
Bali's tourism economy has now recovered from the horrible terrorism incidents. 2008 saw a record number of foreign visitors, just fewer than 2 million. The American government lifted its travel warnings that year. As of 2009 the Australian government still rates it a 4 danger level (the same as several countries in central Africa) on a scale of 5. An offshoot of tourism is the growing real estate industry in Bali. Bali real estate has been rapidly developing in the main tourist districts of Kuta, Legian, Seminyak and Oberoi. Most recently, high end 5 star projects are under development on the Bukit peninsula on the south side of the island. Million dollar villas are springing up along the cliff sides of south Bali, commanding panoramic ocean views. Foreign and domestic (many Jakarta individuals and companies are fairly active) investment into other areas of the island also continues to grow. Land prices, despite the worldwide economic crisis have remained stable. In the last half of 2008, Indonesia's currency had dropped approximately 30% against the US dollar, providing many overseas visitors value for their currencies. Visitor arrivals for 2009 are forecast to drop 8% (which would be higher than 2007 levels).Bali's tourism brand is Bali Shanti Shanti Shanti. Shanti derived from Sanskrit "Shanti" which means peace.

Airports: The Ngurah Rai International Airport is located near Jimbaran, on the isthmus joining the southernmost part of the island to the main part of the island. Lt.Col. Wisnu Airfield is found in north-west Bali.
A coastal road surrounds the island, and three major two-lane arteries cross the central mountains at passes reaching to 1,750m in height (at Penelokan). The Ngurah Rai Bypass is a four-lane expressway that partly encircles Denpasar and enables cars to travel quickly in the heavily populated south. Bali has no railway lines.


The population of Bali is 3,151,000 (as of 2005).


Unlike most of Muslim-majority Indonesia, about 93.18% of Bali's population adheres to Balinese Hinduism, formed as a combination of existing local beliefs and Hindu influences from mainland Southeast Asia and South Asia. Minority religions include Islam (4.79%), Christianity (1.38%), and Buddhism (0.64%). These figures do not include immigrants from other parts of Indonesia.
Balinese Hinduism is an amalgam in which gods and demigods are worshiped together with Buddhist heroes, the spirits of ancestors, indigenous agricultural deities and sacred places. Religion as it is practiced in Bali is a composite belief system that embraces not only theology, philosophy, and mythology, but ancestor worship, animism and magic. It pervades nearly every aspect of traditional life. Balinese Hinduism has roots in Indian Hinduism and in Buddhism, and adopted the animistic traditions of the indigenous people. This influence strengthened the belief that the gods and goddesses are present in all things. Every element of nature, therefore, possesses its own power, which reflects the power of the gods. A rock, tree, dagger, or woven cloth is a potential home for spirits whose energy can be directed for good or evil. Balinese Hinduism is deeply interwoven with art and ritual, and is less preoccupied with scripture, law, and belief than Islam in Indonesia. Ritualized states of self-control are a notable feature of religious expression among the people, who for this reason have become famous for their graceful and decorous behavior.
Apart from the majority of Balinese Hindus, there also exist Chinese immigrants whose traditions have melded with that of the locals. As a result, these Sino-Balinese not only embrace their original religion, which is a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism, but also find a way to harmonies it with the local traditions. Hence, it is not uncommon to find local Sino-Balinese during the local temple's odalan. Moreover, Balinese Hindu priests are invited to perform rites alongside a Chinese priest in the event of the death of a Sino-Balinese. Nevertheless, the Sino-Balinese claim to embrace Buddhism for administrative purposes, such as their Identity Cards.

Balinese and Indonesian are the most widely spoken languages in Bali, and the vast majority of Balinese people are bilingual or trilingual. There are several indigenous Balinese languages, but most Balinese can also use the most widely spoken option: modern common Balinese. The usage of different Balinese languages was traditionally determined by the Balinese caste system and by clan membership, but this tradition is diminishing. English is a common third language (and the primary foreign language) of many Balinese, owing to the requirements of the tourism industry.

Ogoh-ogoh monster in Ubud

Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts. Balinese percussion orchestra music, known as gamelan, is highly developed and varied. Balinese performing arts often portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana but with heavy Balinese influence. Famous Balinese dances include pendet, legong, baris, topeng, barong, gong kebyar, and kecak (the monkey dance). Bali boasts one of the most diverse and innovative performing arts cultures in the world, with paid performances at thousands of temple festivals, private ceremonies, or public shows. The Hindu New Year, Nyepi, is celebrated in the spring by a day of silence. On this day everyone stays at home and tourists are encouraged to remain in their hotels. But the day before that large, colorful sculpture of ogoh-ogoh monsters are paraded and finally burned in the evening to drive away evil spirits. Other festivals throughout the year are specified by the Balinese pawukon cylindrical system.

Celebrations are held for many occasions such as a tooth-filing (coming-of-age ritual), cremation or odalan (temple festival). One of the most important concepts that Balinese ceremonies have in common is that of désa kala patra, which refers to how ritual performances must be appropriate in both the specific and general social context. Many of the ceremonial art forms such as wayang kulit and mask are highly improvisatory, providing flexibility for the performer to adapt the performance to the current situation. Many celebrations call for a loud, boisterous atmosphere with lots of activity and the resulting aesthetic, ramé, is distinctively Balinese. Oftentimes two or more gamelan ensembles will be performing well within earshot, and sometimes compete with each other in order to be heard. Likewise, the audiences members talk amongst themselves, get up and walk around, or even cheer on the performance, which adds to the many layers of activity and the liveliness typical of ramé. Kaja and kelod are the Balinese equivalents of North and South, which refer to ones orientation between the island’s largest mountain Gunung Agung (kaja), and the sea (kelod). In addition to spatial orientation, kaja and kelod have the connotation of good and evil; gods and ancestors are believed to live on the mountain whereas demons live in the sea. Buildings such as temples and residential homes are spatially oriented by having the most sacred spaces closest to the mountain and the unclean places nearest to the sea.

Most temples have an inner courtyard and an outer courtyard which are arranged with the inner courtyard furthest kaja. These spaces serve as performance venues since most Balinese rituals are accompanied by any combination of music, dance and drama. The performances that take place in the inner courtyard are classified as wali, the most sacred rituals which are offerings exclusively for the gods, while the outer courtyard is where bebali ceremonies are held, which are intended for gods and people. Lastly, performances meant solely for the entertainment of humans take place outside the walls of the temple and are called bali-balihan. This three-tiered system of classification was standardized in 1971 by a committee of Balinese officials and artists in order to better protect the sanctity of the oldest and most sacred Balinese rituals from being performed for a paying audience. Tourism, Bali’s chief industry, has provided the island with a foreign audience that is eager to pay for entertainment, thus creating new performance opportunities and more demand for performers. The impact of tourism is controversial since before it became integrated into the economy, the Balinese performing arts did not exist as a capitalist venture, and were not performed for entertainment outside of their respective ritual context. Since 1930's sacred rituals, such as Barong dance was done either in its original context, and to pay special tourists. This has led to new versions of many of these performances which have developed according to the preferences of foreign audiences; some villages have a barong mask specifically for non-ritual performances as well as an older mask which is only used for sacred performances.

The Balinese eat with their right hand, as the left is impure, a common belief throughout Indonesia. The Balinese do not hand or receive things with their left hand and would not wave at anyone with their left hand.




Puputan Klungkung Monument

Identification and Power Pull
Monument or building high-rise at 28 meters from the base / base-building in the middle of the city shaped Semarapura Lingga-Yoni built in the area of 123 square meters, has Klungkung Monument Puputan done by the opening of Mr. Minister of Home Affairs on 28 April 1992. The whole Monument is made of stone with black, so in tune with the meaning of Hindu philosophy that is blowing the war or completely done by the best children Klungkung kingdom together with the people.

Bellows Klungkung Monument is located in the middle of Semarapura so easily achieved with either direction of Denpasar, Besakih, Candi Dasa, because standing on the fringe of the traffic channels busy. Klungkung Monument Puputan location is very strategic because it closes to the Kertha Gosa / Taman Gili, Shop Matters Center, Traditional Market and Government Offices.

Since opened Puputan Klungkung Monument has been visited by both tourists and foreign archipelago.

A great nation is a nation that can appreciate the services as the hero, so the string of words that makes the District of motivation in Regional Level II Puputan Klungkung build Monuments to remember and appreciate the services of the noble heroes who have fallen and the expense of real it body and thing life in the property and maintain and uphold the self esteem and Dignity of the nation's Homeland by the Colonial rape. Bellows, which is Klungkung Monument warning of a historic event that occurred on Tuesday Umanis dated 28 April 1908 and in the area of the Monument has been / never occur or Blowing the war completely, which is evidence of a persistent resistance against imperialist efforts in the Netherlands it imperialism drive clutches. Klungkung people who love freedom and respect for a very high purity and nobleness Homeland under the leadership of a king in power at that time and followed the bahudanda have been killed as a result of hiding wander blood bullet bullet-Holland. Despite that Klungkung is the region's only a small area dot of the Homeland Indonesia, but able to uphold and adhere to the soul through the heroism and patriotism of war Blowing. Klungkung Monument shaped Lingga and Yoni was established in the top area of 123 square meters, equipped with 4 pieces bengong hall on the corner-corner of the pages. The phallus baweah there is a very large room for a square building that have an entrance gate of the form 4 of the fruit from the east, one from the south, one from the west and one from the north. Height of the Monument's base to the top of the phallus is 28 m. While the building / room down there with a commemorative such octagonal domed building be based lotus flower as many 19 units. This reflects the whole 28th April 1908. Puputan Klungkung is now as memory each year. Meanwhile, in a room equipped with a Monument diorama, which depicts the struggle of people with Klungkung king.


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